Festival - Id-ul-Fitr: Must See India
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(Id-ul-Fitr is also known as Ramzan)
by Kapil Upload a photo
Id-Ul-Fitr (or Eid-Ul-Fitr, also called ‘Eid’) represents the end of month Ramadan and literally means ‘to break the fast with joy’. The festival begins on the 1st day of the 10th month, Shawwal, of the Islamic calendar, and it is celebrated for 3 continuous days by Muslims all over the world.

History of Id-ul-Fitr dates back to 622 CE when Prophet Mohammed along with other followers went to Medina to avoid persecutions in Mecca. Prophet had a revelation from God that instructed all Muslims to fast for a fixed number of days to develop purity, self-control and hence move closer to the Divine. Ramadan was also the month when Quran Ul Hakeem the holy book, was revealed to Prophet. Eid, thus, became a way of offering gratitude to Allah for providing the Muslims strength to maintain the Ramadan fast. The Ramadan fast represents charity towards the poor and needy and on Eid, food and help are offered to the less privileged.

The festival of Id-ul-Fitr is marked by festive gatherings, food and flavours, exchange of gifts, and evening full of serene prayers. Recital of Takbir begins as soon as the crescent moon is seen. The festival begins early in morning and ‘Salatul Fair’ (pre-sunrise prayer) is offered to Allah. The tradition is to clean one’s self, wear new attire and put on perfume. It is forbidden to fast on Eid, and hence, customarily people eat a sweet dish or dry fruits as light breakfast before the Eid Prayer.

A small charity ‘Sadaqat-ul-Fitr’ is paid to the needy before performing the Eid Prayer. Another famous Sunnah (prophetic tradition) is to take different routes while walking to and from the prayer grounds.

The prayer is performed in congregations and then followed by a sermon and ‘Dua’ (supplication) asking God for mercy, peace, blessing and forgiveness. Gifts are given to children and immediate relatives as ‘Eidia/Eidi’ in some culture.

Tourist Essential

Tourists from all over the world visit to experience the Eid congregations and fairs at major mosques such as Jama Masjid and Moti Masjid. The food and the fairs during the festival delight people from all religions and spheres of life.

Special Eid cuisine includes Seviyan and Shir Korma which can be tried at most of the restaurants and food-stalls during the festival. Certain food-stalls also have dates and milk desserts, which can be enjoyed by the tourists. The tourists looking forward to shop will find a wide range of Traditional silk clothing and white kurtas. Women can get intricate and traditional henna designs on their hands for the occasion.


by Kapil