Festival - Bhaia Dooj: Must See India
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Bhaia Dooj

(Bhaia Dooj is also known as Bhai Dooj)
by Kapil Upload a photo
People of the Hindu religion celebrate Bhaia Dooj. This is held on the last day of Diwali. This is celebrated on the second day of Shukla Paksha or bright fortnight of the Hindu month Kartik. It is to be noted that the date varies every year and thus there is no fixed date. As per the English calendar, it is celebrated either in the month of October or November of every year. It is one of the most popular festivals of Hindus and is celebrated throughout India.

This is a festival of sisters and brothers. To be precise, on this day, the sisters pray for the happy and long lives of their brothers. The sisters put Teeka (sandalwood mark) on the forehead of their brothers, and in return, the latter give gifts to their sisters. The elder sibling bestows blessings on the younger one.

The purpose of this festival is same as that of Rakhi festival though the time and procedures of celebration vary. The other names for Bhaia Dooj are Bhai Phota in Bengali, Bhai Bij, Bhav Bij or Bhau-Beej in Marathi, Bhai Tika in Nepali. It is also known as Bhathru Dwithiya, Bhatri Ditya, Yamadwitheya or Yamadvitiya and Ningol Chakuba.

There are several legends behind the celebration of this occasion. The most famous of them are associated with the brother and sister duos of Bali & Lakshmi, Yamraj & Yamuna, Lord Mahavir & Sudarshana and Lord Krishna & Subhadra. In all the legends, there has been mention of strong bond between the sister and the brother.


On the day of Bhaia Dooj, brothers come to the house of sisters on invitation or the sisters go to their brothers’ place. The sisters prepare sumptuous meal including the favourites of their brothers. The sisters take Aarti and apply Teeka on the forehead of the brother. While the sisters pray for the well being and long lives of the brothers and bless them, the brothers treat the sisters with different types of gifts or cash.

In some parts of India, it is also seen that if a female does not have a brother or her brother lives far away and if neither of them can visit the other’s place, then she performs Aarti of the Moon for her brother’s welfare.

Tourist Essential

Tourists can join the festivities and rituals of this unique festival. People perform this ceremony at a special time of the day. Hindu pundits, depending on the movement of the heavenly bodies, specify the time of the occasion. On this day, male and female members of the family dress in traditional Indian attires to perform the rituals. It is mandatory to wear new or washed clothes at the time of performing the rituals. Thus, people go for shopping before this occasion. Moreover, the girls purchase different things required for celebrating the occasions as well.

The significance of the occasion is that the brother vows for his duty to protect the sister and the sister prays for the wellbeing and blesses the brother.


by Kapil