On the first day called Lama Losar, everyone
dresses in new clothing and perform rituals at home. During this ritual, an
offering made with several grains such as sprouted barley seeds and a dish
called ‘Tsampa’, which consists of a paste of roasted barley flour in butter. Special
festival food is prepared and the family members dine together.
People greet each other with the words ‘Tashi
Delek’, which means ‘best wishes.’ In the monasteries, the Dalai Lama and other
priests conduct ceremonies to worship their dharma protectors ‑ the main one
being Palden Lhamo. These ceremonies also include rituals to keep evil spirits
at bay and purify the surroundings and are popular attraction for those taking up holiday tours of North India.
Gyalpo Losar and Choe-Kyong Losar
The second day is called Gyalpo Losar and on this
day, national and local community leaders are honored. The third day is called
Choe-Kyong Losar, and it is marked by the raising of prayer flags on house
rooftops and mountains and the burning of leaves of the juniper plant and
incense as an offering to the dharma protectors. People spend the second and
third days of Losar visiting friends and relatives with gifts and by making
offerings at local monasteries.
After devoting these 3 days to rituals and
spiritual observances, people continue to celebrate the coming of the New Year
with parties that include music, chanting and dancing for the next 15 days