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Forts of Rajasthan - Historical Commemoration

by afiatajdar 6 year, 4 months ago

Rajasthan is popular all over the world for its valiant forts and various other palaces and temple complexes that are located inside the forts. Plan a heritage forts tour to Rajasthan and enjoy the best of grandeur and magnificience.

Rajasthan, of the most vibrant state in India is dotted with magnanimous forts, that depict the rich and valiant history of the land. Take up a forts tour of Rajasthan to visit the magnificent marvels of architecture that still showcase their grandeur and magnificence.

Chittorgarh Fort

Chittorgarh Garh is the largest fort in India and has a lot of historical value associated with it and can be easily reached by taking up packages from Delhi.

This is the largest fort in India, spreading on an area of 280 mts and is 180 m high. Located on a hill, this fort was built in the 7th century. The fort is believed to have served as home to the Gahlot and Sisodia kings who ruled Mewar from the eighth to the sixteenth century AD. It was finally abandoned in the year 1568 after the siege by Emperor Akbar. The fort believed to have been built was the Mauryans, was raided by Alauddin Khilji, thrice between 15th and 16th century.

The Chittorgarh Fort houses various attractions that a tourist should not miss. The fort attractions includes seven massive gates, the two towers known as the 'Kirti Stambh' (Tower of Fame) and the 'Vijay Stambh' (Tower of Victory) along with several temples, reservoirs, and palaces

Rana Kumbh’s Palace, is one of the most evocative part of the fort, famous for its architectural patterns. Within the palace is the Zeena Mahal (the palace of the queen) and the view of the lovely ceiling dome here is spectacular. Gaumukh Kund, near the Zeena Mahal, is the historical site where the first mass Sati took place.
Entrance Fee is Rs 5 and is open from 8 a am till sunset. Camera cost Rs 25 and guide is available at Rs 230 for a 3-4 hours tour.

The Diwan-e-Aam (hall of public audience), Shanthi Nath (beautiful Jain structure with an simple Islamic style dome) and Fateh Prakash Palace (museum housing weapons, sculptures, artifacts and folk art embellishments) are located across the road from the Rana Kumbh Palace and are also very popular. Entrance fee is Rs 3 per head and this part of the fort is open from 10 am till 4.30 pm.

Kumbhashyam Temple, located in the Southern part of the fort is the famous temple of Mirabai. The Vijay Stambh near the temple is a nine storeyed tower built by Rana Kumba to commemorate his victory over the Sultan of Marwa in the year 1437.

Padmini Palace is another great attraction in the fort, famous for being set in the midst of a pond. Near the Padmini Palace is the Kalika Mata Temple, an 8th century temple dedicated to Lord Surya. The Zenana Mahal of the palace houses the rooms of mirror, which is believed to have been the place where Alaudding Khilji saw Rani Padmini.

The view of the Aravalis from the Suraj Pol and  Kirti Stambh, the 12th century Jain Digambar dedicated to the 1st Jain Tirthankara are some of the other popular attractions in Chittorgarh Fort.

How to Reach Chittorgarh Fort
Chittorgarh is an important tourist attractions that can be easily reached from any part of the state. Chittorgarh does nto have its own airport and can be conveniently reached from Udaipur (113 kms) and Jaipur (330 kms). To reach the for from the city, tourists can hire Autos (cost around Rs 150 to 200 for 3 hours of sightseeing). Taxis too are available and cost Rs 1200 for the entire sightseeing tour.

Jaisalmer Fort 

Jaisalmer Fort, often sobriquet as ‘Golden Fort’, is an imposing structure is one of the most beautiful fort structure in India and one of the largest fort in the world.Book exclusive Jaisalmer tours to enjoy visiting this fort.

The history of the Jaislamer Fort goes back to the year 1156 AD, when Bhati Rajput ruler Rawal Jaisal built this fort. The fort is on Trikuta Hill and stands almost 30 metres over the city. The fort encloses 99 bastions, of which 92 were built between the period of 1633-47.

The main attractions in Jaislamer is the First Fort Gate at Gopa Chowk, known for its massive size and stone paved passages. The Dussehra Chowk, the main courtyard is located near the last gate called Hawarpool. Here tourists can enjoy shopping for mirror studded textiles, bedspreads, wall hanging and many more local crafts, from the various small shops located outside the gate.

Rajmahal, inside the fort is an important attraction in the Jaislamer Fort. The palace was once the royal residence of the kings and today it has been restored and a part of it has been converted as Jaisalmer Fort Palace Museum and Heritage Centre. The entrance fee to the museum is Rs 30 for Indians and Rs 250 for foreigners and is open for public view from 8 am till 6 pm (April to October) and from 9 am till 6pm (from November to March. It is open on all days.

The fort also highlights 7 Jain temples that appear to have been delicately carved in yellow sand stones. Built during the 15th and 16th century, the most famous among all temples is the Parsvanatha temple, dedicated to the 22nd Tirthankaras. The Chandraprabhu temple, Rishabhadeva temple, Sambhavanath temple are some other popular Jain temple located in vicinity. Tourists are advised to visit the Gyan Bhandar, which is a fascinating library built in the 16th century and has ancient manuscripts.
These temples are around 150 mts south-west of Dussehra Chowk and and tourist shave to pay Rs 10 as entrance fee. The temples are open for public on all days from 8am till 12 pm.

How to reach Jaisalmer Fort
Jaislamer is a famous town just 280 kms from Jodhpur. The fort is just 3 kms from the railway station and 11/2 kms from the bus stand. Autos can charge anywhere between Rs 25 to 30. Taxis can also be hired for a day trip to Jodhpur. They charge Rs 700 for 3-4 hours and Rs 1200 for a tour lasting 6-7 hours.

Amber Fort 

This is one of the most popular fort in Rajasthan. Located around 11 kms from Jaipur, on a hillock, this fort shares its border with the famous Maota Lake. Built entirely in red and white sandstone, the fort reputed to be the treasure vault of the Kacchwaha rulers.

The fort was built in the year 1592 during the reign of Raja Man Singh, who was a commander in Akbar’s army. The fort complex was earlier a palace complex within the original fort of Amber that today is known as Jaigarh Fort.  

The main attraction of Amber fort is the Elephant ride that one needs to undertake in order to reach the fort. The elephant ride cost Rs 500 for two people and can be taken from 8am till 6 pm.
Inside the fort, The Dil-e-Araam garden is a popular place to see. Further from here is the Diwan-e-Aam, which too is a major draw. Built in sandstone, the courtyard is an imposing structure. The Shila Devi Temple is next to the entrance and tourists can attend the darshan here that happens daily between 6 to 8 am and 4 to 8 pm.

The famous gates in the fort are Suraj Pol, the entrance to the Fort and Ganesh Pol. The Sheesh Mahal or ‘Hall of Mirrors’ is famous attraction as well.  
Entrance Fee to the fort is Rs 10 for Indians and Rs 50 for the foreigners. Still camera (Rs 50 for Indians and Rs 75 for foreigners) is allowed.

How to Reach Amber Fort
Amber Fort is just 11 kms north of Jaipur and tourists can take taxis that take will charge Rs 600 for a round trip. When planning to visit Amber fort, tourists should not miss including holidays in Jaipur.

Jaigarh Fort & Nahargarh Fort

Lying in close vicinity to the Amber Fort are the Nahargarh Fort and Jaigarh Fort.
Jaigarh Fort is just walking distance from the Amber Fort and is known to have served as a treasury for the royals, since its inception in 1726. The main attraction in this fort is the Jai Vana, a huge cannon on wheels. The historical water channels inside the fort are a not to be missed attractions. The 3 water tanks having huge capacity of storing water, sets a great example of the practice of rain water harvesting. 

The Fort Museum inside the fort houses a vast collection of swords, artillery and many old photographs as well. Another room full of valuable historical collection here is the Subhat Niwas. The entry fee to the fort is Rs 20 for Indian and Rs 50 for foreign nationals and the fort is open from 9 am till 4:30 pm. Still camera (Rs 40) and video camera (Rs 150) are also allowed inside the fort. 

Nahargarh Fort, located just 2 kms from Jaigarh fort is also a popular fort attraction in Rajasthan. Often called as TIger Fort, this fort was built in the year 1734 and was then used as a defence post. For refreshment, there is a RTDC restaurant too available here. The fort is open from 10 in the morning till 10 in the night and charge Rs 5 as entrance fee.

Junagarh Fort 

Junagarh Fort is a delight is red sandstone, located in the beautiful city of Bikaner. The fort is known for its striking features and its medieval historical heritage. Unlike its contemporary, this fort is built on lower grounds and encompasses magnificent palaces, pavilions, courtyards and balconies.

The fort came into being in the year 1588 by Maharaja Rai Singh, an able general in Akbar’s army.

The most famous attraction inside the fort is the Anup Mahal, and the Raj Tilak Mahal, known for their lavish and striking embossed lacquer work and beautifully decorated white plaster pillars. The Badal Mahal, is another palace attractions famed for the paintings that adorn the walls. The Rain Fresco painting of Radha and Krishna inside the mahal should not be missed. 

The Temple of Joramal and Har Mandir are the sought after religious attractions inside the fort. Karan Mahal, Chandra Mahal and Phool Mahal  also should be visited.

The fort also houses a room by the name of ‘Prachin’ and houses some of the most rare costumes and vintage textiles. The entry fee at Prachin is Rs 10 for Indian and Rs 25 for foreigners. It is open from 9 am till 5 pm.

The Junagarh Fort Museum is one of the most important attraction in the fort and boasts of a large repository of articles belonging to various historical periods.
The fort is open on all days from 10 am till 4:30 pm and charge Rs 20 and Rs 40 for Indian and foreign nationals respectively. Cameras are allowed and the fee is Rs 30 (for still) and Rs 100 (for video). The entrance fee of the fort includes the museum fee as well.

How to Reach Junagarh Fort
Bikaner is 317 kms from Jaipur and 544 kms from Delhi and is well connected by every major junction in Rajasthan. Junagarh fort is just 3 kms from the bus stand and autos charge anywhere between Rs 10 and 20 for a one side drop.

Mehrangarh Fort 

Mehranggarh Fort in Jodhpur is one of the largest fort structure in the country and enjoys a lot of historical significance.

Built in the year 1549 by the then king Rao Jodha, the fort is embodiment of the great Jodhpuri sculptures that still can be found on the walls of the fort.

The main attraction in Mehrangarh Fort is the imposing gate structure of Jai Pol. The view of the city form here is simply breath taking. The Fort also has a museum that includes an exquisite collection of armoury. The frescoes and stained glass attractions at Zenana Mahal and Phool Mahal should not be missed. A half kilometer walk from the museum will take you to the Chamunda Mata Temple that offers spectacular views of the old city.
Loha Pol, highlights the hand prints of the widows of Raja Man Singh who committed Sati in the year 1843. Jhanki Mahal (Peeping Palace), Phool Mahal (Palace of Flowers), Sheesh Mahal (Hall of Mirrors) and Moti Mahal (Palace of Pearls) are some other popular period rooms in Mehrangarh.
The fort is open  from 9 am till 5 pm and cost Rs 20 per head for Indians and Rs 250 for foreigners. Guides are available and charge Rs 100 to 250 depending upon the size of the group.

How to Reach Mehrangarh Fort
Jodhpur is around 253 kms from Bikaner, 280 kms from Jaisalmer and 344 kms from Jaipur, and is well connected by all the cities.Taxis and auto rickshaws are available for local transport. The average taxi fare is Rs 750 for a day while autos can charge Rs 10 for a short distance and Rs 250 for a full day trip. For those planning to book a trip to Rajasthan, should not miss including vacations in Udaipur, as it a beautiful city and a must visit destination in India.

Taragarh Fort 
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