A thriving city at the convergence of beautiful Beas and Betwa rivers, Vidisha in Madhya Pradesh would be an ideal place for celebrating the weekends. This erstwhile capital of the Sungas encompasses some noteworthy remains of the bygone years that would throw substantial information about the architectural elegance of that period. A historic city, which found its description in the Pali scriptures as Besnagar, was the hub of a variety of traditions from the Mauryan to the period of Mughal emperors.
A busy commercial center of the 6th century, this city had been the strong hold of the illustrious rulers like Satavahanas, Guptas and Nagas. But its prominence as a thriving trade center had been lost at the end of the sixth century and later on, the medieval rulers regained it to its original status. A tour through the in and outs of Vidisha is just like going back to the ancient and medieval times. The alluring remnants in Vidisha, would speak about the great kingdoms, their victorious confrontations, glorious defeats, and treacherous traits. A trip to Vidisha will fetch the visitor to a large number of amazing antiquities that twirls the highlights on the architectural development of the period.
One can start the tour from the Heliodorous Pillar, popularly called as Kham-Baba, it narrates the visit of Heliodorous, the personal envoy of Antialcidas to the court of Sungas. Other fascinating point would be the Udaigiri Caves. This place is renowned for its rock-cut cave temples and Buddhist remains. Another important place to be visited is the ruins of a Brahmanical shrine, which dates back prior to 2nd century BC.
One should not spare the opportunity to have the glimpse of the ancient artifacts of the olden days, which are exhibited in the State Museum. All the objects displayed in this Museum give clear cut information about the ancient and medieval Indian society.
Those who add a devotional perspective to their holidaying can opt to visit the sacred shrines like Gyaraspur Mahadevi Temple, Neelakantheshwara Temple and Udayeshwar Temple.
Vidisha presents a unique and timeless appeal to the onlooker with its magnificent mementos of its glorious past. One would get a clear picture of its princely past from the relics of the grand monuments and magnificent temples, which are the constant remainders of the glorious rules of different dynasties.
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The historic town of Vidisha in Madhya Pradesh is known to have been an important trade center in the 6th and 5th century BC and was an important city during the rule of Emperor Asoka. The city has been mentioned innumerable times in the memoirs of Kalidasa and Meghadoot. During that time, the town was referred as Besnagar and was abandoned in the 6th century. This city was the capital of the Sungas and enjoyed a privilege position during that time.
The town gained momentum as an important trade centre during the rule of Sungas, Nagas, Satvahanas and Guptas. The town has passed from the hands of the Malwa Sultan and the Mughals before falling under the supremacy of the Scindia rulers.
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