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, Madhya Pradesh
(Ujjain is also known as Ujjayini / Avanti / Avantikapuri; also spelled as Ujain)
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|On this page: History, Travel within city, Hotels|
One among the seven sacred cities of the Hindus, Ujjain has been a high-flying center of spiritual activities for over 2,000 years. The sacredness of this township is attributed by the mythological legend that during ‘Sagar Mathan’, one drop of nectar spilled over Ujjain, which makes it a sacred place. Whatever be the truth behind this, Ujjain has got a considerable mention in the Vedas and it is believed that two parts of Skanda Purana, are supposed to have been composed here.
Ruined sculptures and monasteries have been found scattered around Ujjain, leading to the credence that Buddhism thrived here in the 4th century. A glut of these, along with ruined temples and old remnants of houses found in the district take the visitor to the historic reign of the Mauryan Empire. Ujjain’s relevance is not constrained to the small circle of a religious place. Apart from that, this city was a haven of astronomers, and great poets. Besides this, Ujjain was ruled over by many greatest rulers who have given out their best to this historic city. The illustrious kings of the Gupta dynasty whose reign is considered as the golden rule of India belonged to Ujjain.
Festive occasions and fairs play a significant role in the lives of people in Ujjain. An ancient religious centre, Ujjain is famous for the Kumbh Mela , Ardha Kumbh and Shivaratri. Today the city presents a unique blend of glorious past with the vibrancy of modernity. A plethora of ruined temples, damaged sculptures, ancient monasteries along with attractive monuments and a serene ambience, Ujjain provides unlimited opportunities of exploration.
Must See/Do: Mahakaleshwar Temple, Bhartruhari Caves
Post the Mauryan rule, the city came under the rule of Sungas and the Satavahanas respectively. The Ror Sakas came on to the forefront after the downfall of the Satavahanas and ruled here from 2nd to 4th century CE.
During the reign of Gupta Kings, Ujjain became an important trading capital. It became an immensely important center of astronomical and mathematical research in the 6th and 7th century. The famous mathematician Brahmagupta and Varahamihira were born here.
This hot seat of religion was raided by Iltutmish, the king of Delhi Sultanate in 1235, thus causing a lot of destruction to the temples. It became the capital of the Malwa region under the kingship of Akbar.
The city came under the rule of the Sindhia kings during the second half of the 18th century. However, they shifted their base to Gwalior and after the independence of India, it became a part of Madhya Bharat. In the year 1956, it was merged in to the state of Madhya Pradesh.
Travel within city
Shared Auto Rickshaw
Share auto rickshaws in Ujjain are the most preferred mode of transport. These are not crowded and ply between major parts of the city so that almost all the places of interest are accessible. While travelling through these share auto rickshaws, you should make sure that you know where you are headed. Share auto rickshaw fares may range around Rs 5 to 10. These are very cheap and one of the best ways to travel within the city.
Auto rickshaws in Ujjain don’t run on meter and you need to negotiate on a fixed rate before opting for travel through auto rickshaws. These auto rickshaws however can be a safe mode of travel during night time. Fares may range anywhere from Rs 15 to 60. There are no night fares.
Tongas are horse drawn carriages, and this mode of travel is slower than the above modes but cheaper. Fares will vary from Rs 10 to 30 depending on the distance covered.
Buses are the cheapest and the most crowded mode of travel. You will need to have a basic idea about the town layout before traveling through buses, and fares will range from Rs 4 to 15.
Buses, autos will be available from all major centers in the town.
You can find 12 hotels in Ujjain under following categories:
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