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Thanjavur

, Tamil Nadu

(Thanjavur is also known as Tanjore / Tanjavur)
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On this page: History, Travel within city, Hotels, Packages
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Fast Facts
State: Tamil Nadu
District: Thanjavur
Famous for/as: Pilgrim
Languages: Tamil
Best Season: Oct - Mar
Weather: Summer 27-36°C, Winter 12-22°C
Altitude: 2 m
Pincode: 613001 - 613010
STD code: 04362
Thanjavur is a city of Chola rulers and it gained popularity during the Chola period between 11th and 14th centuries. Thanjavur is otherwise known as Tanjore and according to a local legend, Thanjavur derives its name from Tanjan, an asura ruler, who was killed by Lord Vishnu and Sri Anandavalli Amman for devastating the neighborhood and was granted his last request that the city be named after him.

The Cholas kings were instrumental in making this city a center for learning and culture. The city is well known worldwide for its antiques as well as exquisite handicrafts. Thanjavur is also known as the Rice Bowl of South India as it lies in the fertile Cauvery delta region and rice is the main cultivation crop here.

Thanjavur is also known for its handloom silk sarees, cotton sarees and the most famous of the items is the Tanjore paintings which are in great demand all over the world.

Since Thanjavur is a coastal district, fishing is also a major occupation of many people here and the city accounts for 5% of the total catches in the state of Tamil Nadu.

Tanjore is also the home of performing arts as well as Carnatic music and musical instruments made from jack-wood. Tanjore is also known as the city of temples as it has many famous temples in and around the city including the Navagraha temples which are best visited on India tour packages.
To visit and experience Thanjavur hassle-free, view Thanjavur tour packages.

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History


Thanjavur enjoys a rich historical heritage and holds a very important position in the moulding of ancient as well modern south Indian civilization. The city has been known to be enjoying strong hold of the Chola dynasty. At some point or the other, it has been the capital of the Cholas, Mutharayars and the Marathas.

This town was known as ‘Tanjapuri’ in the ancient times and the name is said to have been given by Mutharayar king, from whom the Chola rulers, later, conquered the city. During the reign of Rajaraja Chola, the town was divided in two parts – Ullalai, which means the inner part and Purambadi, the other city.

After the fall of the Cholas, Pandayas took control of Thanjavur and it remained a province of the Vijaynagar Empire. In the year 1535, the Vijaynagar king hired a Nayak king, thus triggering the onset of the Nayak dynasty which ruled till the middle of 17th century.

Marathas took over the control of Thanjavur in the year 1674. Shivaji’s half brother Venkoji ruled in the city. The British came in the picture during the expedition of 1749, but they met defeat. The town remained under the Maratha rule till 1799 AD. The British finally gained control in 1799 and handed over the management to Raja Serfoji II. The death of the king in 1833 marked the end of ruling in Thanjavur.

Travel within city


Travelling within the city of Thanjavur is quite easy, as many buses, auto rickshaws, tourist cabs and cycle rickshaws are available for transport.

Auto Rickshaw


The easiest way to travel around the city of Thanjavur is through its countless auto rickshaws. Auto rickshaws are popular modes of transport in the region; however, auto rickshaws in Thanjavur do not run on meter. Thanjavur is essentially a small city, and you will not need to catch an auto rickshaw unless you’re in a hurry.

Bus


You can opt for buses in order to commute to all corners of the city as these are cheaper. Moreover there will be no necessity to bargain, which is usually what happens when you engage an auto rickshaw in Thanjavur. Buses in Thanjavur will take you from Old Bus Stand to the New Bus Stand and even to the Medical College. Almost all the buses in Thanjavur pass through the Brihadeeshwara Temple or the “Big Temple”, and other attractions. The Old Bus Stand is the closest to all major attractions in Thanjavur such as the Big Temple, the Government Park, and the Government Museum Palace etc. There are also a large number of 3 star hotels around the Old Bus Stand and quite a few good restaurants. The New Bus Stand provides transportation by connecting Thanjavur to other districts in and around Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry and is your best bet if you want to head out of Thanjavur and towards Kumbakonam, Trichy, Madurai, etc. Buses to Chennai are available from the Old Bus Stand as an exception. Bus fares start at Rs. 3 and stretch to a maximum of Rs.5. Some bus conductors may demand an extra ticket if you have extra luggage. Buses ply from 5 am to 11 30 pm everyday of the week, and there are buses every 3 minutes connecting the town (Old Bus Stand) and the outskirts (New Bus Stand).

Hotels


You can find 16 hotels in Thanjavur under following categories:
Comments (4) Reviews (2)
nice place thanjaur circle places
Posted by manoj prapakaran 11 months ago
Its nice place to visit. The Old Bus Stand is the closest to all major attractions in Thanjavur such as the Big Temple, the Government Park, and the Government Museum Palace etc. i visited for that i Book Bus Tickets through ticketgoose.com by using online.
Posted by nithi 1 year, 2 months ago
God Gift for Big Temple at Thanjavur.my nativt at TNJ
Posted by sakthi 2 year, 3 months ago
Iam very eager to see thanjur temple
Posted by Dhibojini 5 year, 4 months ago

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