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About Punjab

, Punjab

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Punjab is a state in northwestern India. Chandigarh is its capital and the language spoken is Punjabi or Gurmukhi. The state was divided in the year 1966 to form Himachal Pradesh and Haryana. Punjab houses the largest number of Sikhs in India. Manufacturing units and industries are found in Punjab in a large scale. It has the largest number of steel plants in India, situated in the district of Fatehgarrh Sahib.

The state is the largest provider of wheat in India, with agriculture being its largest industrial sector. Other industries include water meter, scientific instruments, machine tools, textiles, garments, bicycles, financial services and tourism. Some major cities in Punjab are Ludhiana, Chandigarh, Mohali, Amritsar, Patiala, Jalandhar and Bathinda.

Why Visit Punjab?


Punjab is dotted with historic sites, palaces, battle fields and great architectural marvels of the Sikhs. The ruins of Indus valley civilization lie in the state. Architectural monuments are prominent in the districts of Patiala, Kapurthala and Chandigarh. Chandigarh is a planned city, and is considered to be one of the most well designed in the country.

Amritsar is home to the Golden temple, which is visited by scores of tourists each year. It is reported that the Golden Temple attracts more tourists than the Taj Mahal. Harmandir Sahib is touted to be one of the most peaceful and well structured spiritual places in the world.

The state has many luxury international hotels and is visited by a lot of tourists from all over the world.

Exploring the Colorful Culture of Punjab


Punjab has an array of cultural elements which are very colorful. Bhangra, music and Punjabi poetry are glorified in Indian movies and are widely popular across the Indian states. Bhangra is a traditional dance in the state and celebrates the onset of the spring season or the Baisakhi. It is popularized through out the globe by many musicians and dancers who represent I in different styles and forms. The moves in the dance are a reflection of the farmers, farming their land.

Festivals such as Basant, Lohri, Teej and Baisakhi are celebrated with grandeur in the state apart from the other festivals in the country. Kissa is a ritual of storytelling in Punjabi language that ranges from Afghanistan and Arabian Peninsula to Iran.

Punjabi weddings are often showcased in various movies depicting their grandeur. Weddings in Punjab reflect their culture in a large way and are embedded with rituals, dances, dresses, songs and food. Majhi is the standard dialect of the language in Punjab. The other dialects include Malwi, Majhi, Pwadhi and Doabi. Songs, epics and ballads are sung and written in these dialects.

Folk tales are famous in Punjab. Some of the famous tales are those of Heer Ranjha, Mirza Sahiban, Sassi Punnun, Sohni Mhiwal, Dulla Bhatti, Jeona Maud, Puran Baghat, etc. Songs from the state that are popular nationwide are Dhola, Mayhiah and Boliyan. The major dance forms in Punjab are the Bhangra, Dhamaal, Dhola, Giddha and Sammi.

Facts for Tourists


Travel light. Women are advised not to wear revealing clothes. The state experiences very hot summers, hence cotton clothes are preferable. Photography might be prohibited in some temples and military areas. The use of drugs and other prohibited substances is an offence.
 

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