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, Uttar Pradesh
(Mathura is also known as Shri Krishna Janma-Bhoomi)
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View all photosA great city that bares a history of so many centuries, Mathura in the State of Uttar Pradesh is mainly regarded as the birthplace of a most benevolent lord of the Hindu Pantheon. A sacred town with an array of holy shrines and sacred kunds, Mathura boast of numerous legends and myths, which has gained deep-rooted beliefs in the people.
The most holy city of the Vaishnava cult, Mathura welcomes the visitors with the countless tales of the blue god. Each and every spot in this miraculous city has some connection with the most humane incarnation of Lord Vishnu. The serene banks of the river Yamuna and its holy Ghats attribute the religious fervor of the city to a great extent.
British called Mathura as Muttara and the Greeks gave it the name Modoura, the literal meaning of the word is ‘city of gods’, a sobriquet well suited to its serene ambiance. Though this city is linked mainly with the fable and cult of the Krishna, it is as sacred as to the Jains and Buddhists also.
Since Mathura is the holy abode of lord Krishna, city’s festivals unravels Krishna’s life from his childhood to adulthood. All festivities and fiestas are centered round the blue god and to the Maduraits celebrations of every kind is an auspicious occasion to pay reverence to the blue god. During Holy and Janmashtami, the city is thronged with exuberant artistic performances.
Though the city has been severely attacked by the Muslim invaders, the monuments and buildings exhibits a unique mix of Hindu and Muslim architecture. With its enchanting holy shrines and serene spots this habitat of Lord Krishna would proffer each visitor with a new vigor and energy.
To visit and experience Mathura hassle-free, view Mathura Tour Package.
by Afia Ahmad on Feb 27, 2013
Holi is the most colourful festival in India and is celebrated all over the country with great pomp and show. by Madhav Srinivasan on Nov 01, 2011
Located in the North Indian State of Uttar Pradesh, Mathura held a lot of historical and economical importance in the ancient period. Its place in the Indian epics is unparalleled and the place narrates stories of Indian history and culture… by Madhav Srinivasan on Aug 17, 2011
Janmashtami is a major Hindu festival, and it marks the birth of Lord Krishna, one of the most revered deities in Hinduism. Festivities during this time are at their peak, mainly in the northern parts of India, where Lord Krishna is said to have lived.
Historians claim the city to have been ruled by the Mauryan kings during 4th to 2nd century B.C. The various Buddhist monumental heritage that if found in the city were built by the great King Asoka during the 3rd century B.C. It was during his reign that the Mathura School of Art was established. During the ancient times, the city was known as Methora, according to the writings of Magasthenese.
The historical data suggest the city to have been in control of the Indo Greeks between 180 to 100 B.C. Jain too are believed to have sojourned in Mathura around 100 B.C. The 60th century B.C.E marked the onset of the Indo-Scythians dynasty which was followed by the rule of the great Satrap king Rajuvula.
After the downfall of the Mauryan Empire, the city came under the control of the Hindu Kings. It was during the 11th century that Muhamad Ghazani raided the city and ramshackle the Buddhist and Hindu shrines.
The British captured the city in the year 1804 and during this time the influence of the Bhakti Cult was in full bloom. This movement led to the rise of the Hindu cult who built various temples and river front ghats in order to revive the prodigy of Lord Krishna.
Travel within city
Buses in Mathura are very crowded, though they comprehensively cover a lot of points within the city. By catching an end to end bus in Mathura, you can make sure that you reach your destination as all government run buses in Mathura cover the entire list of major destinations in the city. Bus travel is also a cheap mode of travel, and bus fares in Mathura normally range around Rs 5 to 10. You can opt for bus travel in case you have enough time to spend in the city.
You can also opt for auto rickshaws to travel around Mathura. The city of Mathura is not a very vast one, and through an auto rickshaw, you can reach almost all parts of the city easily with less time. Auto rickshaws in Mathura do not run on meter and negotiating for a flat rate can prove useful. Local transport through an auto can cost you around Rs 20 to 40 only. Autos are perfect for night travel, with no extra charges.
Cycle rickshaws, though not much preferred, are present for fares of Rs 4 to 8.
You can find 23 hotels in Mathura under following categories:
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