A vibrant city, which was established in the year 1727, Jaipur has been acclaimed as the first planned city in India. The capital of the former Kachwaha rulers, Jaipur offers a multifaceted tourist destination. This thriving city has derived its name from the illustrious ruler Sawai Jaisingh II, whose progressive thinking gave birth to a perfectly planned city. The term Sawai has been bestowed upon him by the then Mughal Emperor as an honour to his multifarious personality. This poetic expression literally means Jaisingh was valuable than one.
Widely acclaimed as the Pink City of India, Jaipur proliferates in its magnificent past, bellicose history, renowned tradition, architectural elegance and natural vista. Though the Rajputs are famed for their valor and bravery, the rulers of Jaipur differ from the rest of the Rajput clan. Apart from exhibiting their chivalry, these great warriors have shown much diplomacy in their relation with the mighty kingdoms of their time. The planning of the city in accordance with the strict norms of Indian Vasthusasthra shows their credentials as good administrators. Perhaps this might be the only city in the world, which symbolizes the nine divisions of the Universe.
Jaipur is mostly renowned for its majestic buildings, which displays unique architectural grandeur. These stunning facades of medieval India have received a global acclaim for its intricate and exquisite charm. A quaint place, Jaipur reproduces its magnificent past through its sumptuous forts, captivating palaces, littered walls, serene temples and lovely havelis. Its effervescent panorama is attributed by the charismatic lure of its outstanding gardens. The serenity and tranquility of the verdant gardens with its marvelously tended landscapes and colorful floral arcades presents a picturesque appeal, which will certainly mesmerize any visitor on their India tour packages.
It is not just monuments and palaces that Jaipur offers. Apart from an array of fascinating attractions this vivacious city holds exquisite handicrafts and marvelous jewelry. These delicate artifacts, which portray the rustic and colourful village life, would be a great treasure for every visitor.
With its charismatic panorama of architectural grandeur, tradition, and natural splendor, a trip to Jaipur would be a retreat to those who are enthusiastic and eager to know about the rich cultural heritage of India.
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The history of Jaipur dates back to the year 1727 when the city was discovered by the then king, Maharaja Jai Singh II. The king shifted his capital to Jaipur from Amber due to the increase in population and reduction in the water levels.
Jaipur prides itself on being the first planned city in the country as Maharaja Jai Singh II was deeply interested in the designing and construction of the city. Since the Marathas were constantly attacking and trying to take a reign over the city, the king was very skeptical about the security of Jaipur. Thus, with the assistance of Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, a Brahmin scholar of Bengal, Maharaja Jai Singh II started the construction of Jaipur in 1727.
It took around 4 years to build the entire city and huge buttressing of walls was created to ensure the safety. Constructed on the pattern of Shilpa Shastra, the Indian Architecture, the city of Jaipur was divided in nine blocks wherein there were two state buildings and palaces. The rest of the seven blocks were given for the public use.
The city was referred to as ‘pink city’ only in the year 1853, when the whole city was painted pink to welcome the Prince of Wales.
Pink city as it is called, was India's first planned city, and designed in accordance to the principles of ancient Hindu treatise on architecture, the Shilpa Shastra (Vaastu). The rulers passion for art is reflected in the city's attractions.
Travel within city
Jaipur is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India, and the city is very well planned out in all levels, including transportation facilities. There are public transport buses that tourists can opt for while in Jaipur, and there are auto rickshaws, cycle rickshaws and taxis available for commute too.
The cheapest way to travel around Jaipur would be through the public transport RTDC buses that ply to all major areas in Jaipur. Sightseeing bus services are available too, and you can opt for full day tours, half day tours and night tours. You can book your sightseeing trip through these buses online in the Rajasthan Tourism Department Corporation website. Bus charges will range from Rs 150 to 300 for sightseeing trips, depending on the class of travel opted for.
Auto rickshaws in Jaipur are a good way to travel around the city, and you can rent out an auto rickshaw for Rs 350. Auto rickshaws do not specifically run on the meter, so you can get a sightseeing slip from the police department and travel around visiting all the locations in an auto rickshaw at a predetermined price. Auto rickshaws are a safe way to travel within the city at night, and there are no special night fares.
Cycle rickshaws charge anywhere from Rs 10 to 30, but this mode of transport is very slow.
Taxis in Jaipur are very comfortable, and they are available from airports, bus stands and the railway station. Taxis run on meter, and charges will hover around Rs 12 per kilometer.
Pickcity Radio Taxi- Ph: (+91) 141 220-5000
Jain Taxi Service- Ph: (+91) 141 229-2064
Prepaid taxis and autos can be hailed for travel within the city, cycle rickshaws are also a good bet for shorter distances.
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