Where is Bihar, Destinations to Visit in Bihar, Bihar
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Where Is Bihar

, About Bihar

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The state of Bihar is located in the eastern portion of India. Patna is its capital city and the languages spoken are Bhojpuri, Magadhi, Bajjika and Anjika. Hindi is the first official language and Urdu is the second. Bihar is bordered by West Bengal to the East and Uttar Pradesh to the west; it also shares its border with Nepal.

Bihar was the hub for learning, power and culture. Nalanda is one of the oldest universities in the world and dates back to the 5th century BC. The Mauryan, Magadha and Gupta dynasties were located in Bihar. The River Ganges divides the state into halves and flows from west to east.

Destinations to Look Out For

Bihar is embedded in history over 3000 years and hence witnesses 6 million tourists every year. The Mahabodhi temple is an important pilgrimage spot for Buddhists and is also listed as one of the UNESCO heritage sites. The Mahatma Gandhi Setu is also one of the most famous bridges in the country.

Tourists can visit forts in Bihar like the Munger fort, Palamu fort, Rohtasgarh fort, Jalalgarh fort and Sasaram fort. Ancient heritage and excavations sites in Bihar are Nalanda, Barabar Caves, Vikramsila, Agam Kuan, Kumhrar, Sasaram, Mahabodhi temple, Maner Sharif, Brahmayoni Hill and the Vishnupada temple.

Historical monuments that you can visit in Bihar are Kargil Chowk, Golghar, Gandhi Setu and the Patna Museum. Bihar has numerous pilgrimage sites belonging to the Hindu, Buddhist, Islamic, Jain and Sikh religions. Sitamarhi, Madhubani, West Champaran, Jamui, Anga and Darbhanga are some of the Hindu pilgrimage sites. Buddhist pilgrimage sites include temples and monasteries that lie in Pawapuri, Rajgir, Kesariya, Patliputra, Vaishali and Bodh Gaya. Sikh sites in Bihar include Handi Sahib, Gobind Ghat, Bal Lila, Guru Bagh, Pakki Sangat and Bari Sangat.

Islamic sites in the state include Sasaram, Bihar Sharif, and Maner Sharif. A famous Christian site is Padari ki Haveli and Jain pilgrimage sites include the ones at Pawapuri, Patliputra, Vikramasila and Kundalpur.

Bihar in the olden times was an educational hub due to the Nalanda University and the Vikramasila University.

How to Reach Bihar

By Air

Bihar has two airports, the Gaya Airport and the Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport in Patna. The airports connect Bihar to Kolkata, Bangalore, Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Ranchi, Pune, Mumbai and Lucknow.

The Gaya Airport has flights to Singapore, Bangkok and Colombo. The Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport in Kolkata is the nearest international airport connected to major destinations in Europe, North America, South East Asia and Middle East.

By Train

Rail routes are spread out through the state; the best connected railway stations are Gaya, Patna, Bhagalpur, Muzaffarpur, Katihar, Darbhanga, Chhapra and Barauni.

By Road

The state is connected to the rest of the country through the State and National Highways. The state tourism development department provides cars, buses and vans to the tourists for travelling in and around the state.




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