A thriving centre of art and culture, once the heart land of erstwhile Kalinga Kingdom, Bhubaneswar is presently renowned as the capital city of State of Orissa in India. Bhubaneswar, literally means the Lord (eswar) of the Universe (bhuban), is a hub of historic temples and the city is webbed with many concrete lanes. The present modern city of Bhubaneswar was established in 1946 which is designed by the world renowned German architect Otto Königsberger. The capital city, once known for its architecture and grand temples, is presently a thriving centre for commerce and business. Having blended very nicely its formidable past with its modern aspirations and facilities, it forms a part of the Golden Triangle of holy temple cities Puri and Konark.
The grand city is renowned for its temples as well as applique work of Pipli, Ikat sarees, cane furniture and Bidri-ware. Art is an integral part of the city life from time immemorial, the world renowned Odissi dance form has originated in this city.
The city is endowed with many tourist attractions and religious spots. The city houses more than 500 temples, including the world famous temples like Lingaraj Temple, Mukteswar Temple, Bindu Sagar, Shatrughaneswar Temple, Vaital Temple, Parashurameswar Temple and Raj Rani Temple. Thousands of devotee throng to these temples in Bhubaneswar on a regular basis.
A well maintained Regional Plant Resource Center (RPRC) is a prime attraction here. This centre is famous for maintaining the largest Rose garden in India. Other important attractions in the city are Orissa State Museum, Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves, Orissa Modern Art Gallery, Tribal Museum and Pathani Samanta Planetarium. Kalinga, the famous place of War after which Great Emperor Ashoka renounced violence is a short distance away from Bhubaneswar.
This is city offers all facilities, modern and traditional, to the tourists and has already gained the status of a permanent spot in the tour plan of foreign tourists.
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by Afia Ahmad on Mar 01, 2013
India is a myriad country and the people of the country completely believe in the saying – ‘Atithi Devo Bhava' – meaning Guest is God
The history of Bhubaneswar can be traced 2000 years ago when the city was named after the ‘Lord of three worlds’ Tribhuvaneshwar. The holy town claims to have been the hot seat of the Hindu rulers between the 7th and 13th century.
One of the earliest mentions of the city can be found on the Kalinga War which was fought in the 3rd century B.C. the city was later conquered by Emperor Kharavela who ruled here between 1st and 2nd century B.C. It was during the reign of king Kharavela that most of the temples were built.
The city was under the Mughals rule in the 15th century. The city came to limelight only in 1936, when Orissa came under the British control with Cuttack
as its capital. Cuttack is known to have been the capital of Orissa since the 12th century. The city was declared as a part of Orissa in 1947, after independence. It was named as the capital of Orissa on 13th April 1948.
The city was designed by German Architect Otto. H. Konigsberger.
Travel within city
Bhubaneshwar is the capital city of the state of Orissa, and tourists flock to Bhubaneshwar mainly for its perfect blend of elements from the past and from the present. In the city of Bhubaneshwar, ancient temples and monuments stand alongside modern nightclubs and gardens. Getting around the city of Bhubaneshwar is quite easy, as all the modes of travel present are relatively cheap. You can opt for buses, taxis or auto rickshaws in order to travel within the city of Bhubaneshwar.
Buses are the oft preferred mode of transport in Bhubaneshwar. Many town buses, run by the government, ply through the city of Bhubaneshwar encompassing all the major areas and regions. These buses are all run by the government and are all very cheap. While travelling through buses in Bhubaneshwar, you will need to shell out around Rs 5 to 10, depending on the distance covered.
You can also opt for auto rickshaws in order to travel around the city of Bhubaneshwar. Auto rickshaws in Bhubaneshwar do not run on the meter, yet the prices quoted by the drivers are not too exorbitant. You can always bargain for a better price, or better yet, opt for a share auto. By travelling in a share auto, you can share the fare expense with other passengers, and can thus travel around the city for rates ranging around Rs 5 to 10.
Taxis also operate in the city, and the fares depend on the distance covered. The minimum fare is Rs 25 and additional fares are Rs 12 per kilometer.
You can find 59 hotels in Bhubaneswar
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