About Assam, Why Assam, Culture and Facts, Assam
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About Assam

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Assam is an Indian state located in the northeastern portion of the country and is one of the seven-sister states belonging to northeastern India. Dispur is the capital city of Assam and the language spoken is Assamese. The state of Assam is geographically very distinct from most of the Indian states. Guwahati is one of the largest cities in the state and serves as a major cosmopolitan hub and junction point to all the northeastern states.

Assam covers a total area of 78,440 sq. kilometers. The rivers Brahmaputra and Barak flow through the state. The state is popular for its tea, silk, oil and petroleum resources. The one-horned rhinoceros is found only in the state’s Kaziranga National Park. The state is known for its rich biodiversity and Sal tree.

Why Visit Assam

Assam has a range of tourist destinations in the state. Some of the famous tourist attractions in the state are Kamakhya temple, Assam State zoo, Shilpagram, Assam state museum, Jatinga bird suicide point, Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Hajo, Sri Surya Pahar, Tekreshwar Pahar, Narayan Setu, Krbi Anglong, Nameri National Park, Pobitora Wildlife sanctuary, Deepor Beel Sanctuary, Sibsagar archeological sites and more.

Exploring the Culture of Assam

Assamese culture is a conglomeration of various ethnicities and cultural groups. Srimanta Shankardeva led the Vaishnava Movement which contributed to a massive cultural change in the state, during the 15th century. The traditions and daily life in Assam are heavily influenced by events from the British Era. The culture in Assam is highly hybrid and some of its sub systems are still developing.

The Assamese people hold high respect towards betel leaves, areca nut and traditional silk garments. Assamese and Bodo are the two main languages spoken in the state, whereas Bengali is spoken in some parts of the state. Traces of the traditional Assamese language can be found in many poems such as Sarahpa, Luipa, etc. The modern dialects spoken are Goalpariya and Kamrupi. Assamese literature is one of the richest in India.

Bodo is another language in Assam, spoken since ancient times. The language is largely spoken in lower Assam. Nepali is also spoken by a large number of people throughout the state and is taught in many schools. Sylheti is a dialect of Bengali which is spoken in the districts of Silchar, Barpeta and Goalpara.

Bihu is the biggest festival celebrated in the state. It marks significant points of a cultivator’s life and the main attraction is the traditional Bihu dance also known as the Rongali Bihu. The festival is generally celebrated as a series of three festivals. The other festivals celebrated in the state are Kherai, Garja, Porag, Sokk-erroi, Karbi Youth festival, Hacha-Kekan.

The performing arts in Assam include the Ankiya Nat, Banjar Dance, Bordoicikhla dance, Bagrumba, Bohag Bihu and many more. Assam silk is famous throughout India and the craftsmen in Assam are skilled and make a wide range of local handicrafts.

Facts for Tourists

Some parts of the state are hot and humid and some portions are very cold, depending on the altitude. It is wise to carry suitable clothes depending on the time of the year. The use of drugs is prohibited and punishable. Women should not wear revealing clothes while visiting temples.




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